Repaving, restriping, or paving a brand new parking lot in California? Be sure you're including the right amount of spaces to keep compliant with ADA parking regulations and you'll save a tremendous amount of headache and protect yourself against unnecessary lawsuits.
One consideration when you are building, repaving, or updating your parking lot is the number of accessible parking spaces in your lot.
How Many ADA Spaces are Required in Your Parking Lot?
At minimum, your parking lot will need at least one parking space that must be van-accessible.
The number of accessible parking spaces will be determined by the total number of parking spaces in your lot. One out of every six of your accessible parking spaces, but at least one, must be van accessible.
- 1 van accessible parking space for 1-25 parking spaces
- 2 accessible spaces including 1 van space for 26-50 parking spaces
- 3 accessible spaces including 1 van space for 51-75 parking spaces
- 4 accessible spaces including 1 van space for 76-100 parking spaces
- 5 accessible spaces including 1 van space for 101-150 parking spaces
- 6 accessible spaces including 1 van space for 151-200 parking spaces
- 7 accessible spaces including 2 van spaces for 201-300 parking spaces
- 8 accessible spaces including 2 van spaces for 301-400 parking spaces
- 9 accessible spaces including 2 van spaces for 401-500 parking spaces
Large Lot Considerations
For lots with 500-1000 parking spaces, 2% of parking spaces should be accessible and 1/6th of those must be van accessible.
For lots with 1001 or more parking spaces, 20 spaces should be accessible plus 1 additional space for every 100 spaces over 1000. 1/6th of those accessible spaces should be van accessible.
Van Accessible Parking Space Features
As we mentioned above, each parking lot must have a minimum of one van accessible parking space, and one out of every six parking spaces needs to be van accessible. What makes a parking space van accessible?
A van accessible parking space must meet the following:
- identification sign with the international symbol of accessibility and designation, "van accessible” on lots with five or more spaces*
- vertical clearance of 98" minimum to accommodate van height
- 132" wide minimum with adjacent 60" minimum width access aisle
- 96" wide van space with adjacent 96" minimum width access aisle is also acceptable
* If your lot has four or fewer spaces total, you are required to have one van accessible space. However, you do not have to have signage identifying the van accessible space. All other requirements, including the vertical clearance, width, and access aisle width, still apply.
Multiple van accessible lots may be clustered together on one floor of a multi-floor parking structure in order to accommodate the height requirement.
Car Accessible Parking Space Features
Only one-sixth of your accessible parking spaces need to meet the requirements for van accessibility. The remaining accessible spaces can meet the standard car requirements:
- Parking space identification sign with the international symbol of accessibility mounted 60 inches minimum above the ground surface to the bottom of the sign.
- If the accessible route is located in front of the parking space, install wheel stops to keep vehicles from reducing the clear width of the accessible route below 36 inches.
- Two parking spaces may share an access aisle except for angled parking spaces.
- Access aisle width is at least 60 inches, must be at the same level and the same length as the adjacent parking space(s) it serves, maximum slope in all directions is 1:48, and access aisle must connect to an accessible route to the building. Ramps must not extend into the access aisle.
- Parking space shall be 96" wide minimum, marked to define the width.
- Access aisles must be 60" wide minimum.
- Maximum slope in all directions is 1:48.
- Boundary of the access aisle must be clearly marked so as to discourage parking in it.
Take the Guesswork Out of ADA Parking Spaces
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law in 1990 to ensure equal opportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for individuals with disabilities. Parking lot owners who do not meet the current standards -- most recently revised in 2010 -- put themselves at risk for fines and lawsuits.
Keeping abreast of the full requirements for ADA parking spaces can feel like a big responsibility. That's why JV Lucas Paving helps business owners, organizations, and municipalities stay in compliance when we perform paving services in the CA Bay Area. We're trusted by organizations large and small and are the experts in parking lot ADA compliance. Don't leave your parking lot profitability up to chance.
Contact us for a free consultation today and you can take the guesswork out of ADA parking spaces.